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World Heritage Site: "The Old Town of Goslar"

Exhibition

Goslar's special atmosphere is created by the mix of tradition, history and modernity. This becomes apparent as you
stroll through the old town, a designated UNESCO World Heritage Site. We have reproduced this unique setting, enabling our visitors to not only discover impressive buildings, churches and half-timbered houses of various epochs, but also works of contemporary artists from all over the world.

The imperial city of Goslar

In the 10th century, the Harz region became an important pillar of royal power after King Henry I ascended the throne. It was an imperial preserve and hunting ground of rulers. The mountain range was surrounded by a ring of palatinates, royal hunting lodges and castles, urban settlements, episcopal seats and monasteries, which served to secure the

borders and royal holdings.

After silver deposits were discovered at Rammelsberg (first documentary mention in 968), Goslar increasingly moved into the focus of the rulers. Rammelsberg became something like the treasure chamber of the empire, a kind of central bank, whose silver was used to mint coins.

All the important kings of the empire came to Goslar, first the Saxon-Ottonian rulers, then the Salians, then the
Hohenstaufen. Between 1000 and 1250, the Palatinate of Goslar was one of the most important centres of politics. This is evidenced by the numerous court conventions and imperial diets, synods, festivals and high-level political
summits, e.g. in 1056, when Emperor Henry III and Pope Victor II met in Goslar for the ordination of the Collegiate Church of St. Simon and St. Jude.

The German kings and emperors of the Middle Ages did not have a capital, but moved about the empire with their family and an entourage of princes and bishops: from the North Sea to the Alps to Italy, from Burgundy to the border regions in the east. There were towns, castles, palaces and episcopal seats throughout the empire that were obliged to extend hospitality. The Palatinate experienced a heyday under the rule of the Salian emperors. They called Goslar "clarissimum domicilium regni" (the most glamorous residence of the empire) - which meant so much as: the favoured residence of the ruler.


Emperor Henry III had the Aula regis and the cathedral built; his son, who later became Henry IV, was born in Goslar,
and the heart of Henry III was buried in Goslar as a sign of his love and affection for the city. Today it is kept in a metal capsule in a sarcophagus in the Chapel of St. Ulrich at the Imperial Palace. His bones rest in the family tomb - the Speyer Cathedral.

The ecclesiastical city of Goslar

The bourgeois city of Goslar